Overview of ISO 45001:2018

The purpose of planning in the OH&S management system is to prevent undesired effects such as injury or ill-health by anticipating hazardous events and their likelihood and consequences, in order to achieve the intended outcomes of the OH&S management system. It also identifies opportunities that can offer a potential advantage or beneficial outcome such as improved OH&S performance.

Planning is not a single event but an on-going process, anticipating changing circumstances and continually identifying risks and opportunities. When planning the organization‘s OH&S management system, the context in which it will operate, the views of its workers and other interested partiesand its scope are considered to ensure the system can identify its risks and opportunities.

This International Standard requires the organization to identify hazards and assess its OH&S risks, determine its applicable legal and other requirements, and to assess other risks and opportunities to the
OH&S management system. This information is then used to determine how the risks and opportunities should be managed.

Planning also includes determining how to incorporate the actions deemed necessary or beneficial into the OH&S management system through objective setting, operational control or other parts of the OH&S management system, for example, resource provisions and competence.

The mechanism for evaluating the effectiveness of the preventive and protective measures is also planned and can include monitoring and measurement techniques, internal audit or management review.